# Magnetic Flow Meter Troubleshooting| Manufacturer’s Guide

Where should Magnetic Flow Meter Troubleshooting start?

As a kind of industrial electronic sensor equipment, electromagnetic flowmeter will inevitably have some equipment failure problems in the process of use. So when the electromagnetic flowmeter fails, we usually analyze which component has the problem. Then find a solution to the problem corresponding to the problem. Below, Sino-Inst will explain to you the common faults of electromagnetic flowmeters in daily life, and then how to deal with the faults.

## Featured Magnetic Flow Meters

Electromagnetic Flowmeters (EMF for short) is a new type of flow measuring instrument developed rapidly with the development of electronic technology in the 1950s and 1960s. Electromagnetic flowmeter is an instrument that uses the principle of electromagnetic induction to measure the flow of conductive fluid based on the electromotive force induced when the conductive fluid passes through an external magnetic field.

Magnetic flow meters use the principle of Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction to measure the flow rate of liquid in a pipe. In the magnetic flowmeter pipe parts, a magnetic field is generated, and channeled into the liquid flowing through the pipe.

Faraday’s Law states that the voltage generated is proportional to the movement of the flowing liquid. A conductor moving through a magnetic field produces an electric signal within the conductor. And the singal is proportional to the velocity of the water moving through the field.

As fluid flows through the magnetic field, conductive particles in the fluid create changes. This variation is used to measure and calculate the velocity of water flow through the pipe. When the fluid moves faster, more voltage is generated. The electronic transmitter processes the voltage signal to determine liquid flow.

#### What is the principle of magnetic flow meter? – Faraday’s Formula

E is proportional to V x B x D where:

E = The voltage generated in a conductor
V = The velocity of the conductor
B = The magnetic field strength
D = The length of the conductor

To apply this principle to flow measurement with a magnetic flow meter. First is to state that the fluid being measured must be electrically conductive for the Faraday principle to apply.

As applied to the design of magnetic flow meters, Faraday’s Law indicates that:

the signal voltage (E) is dependent on V, B, D.

V is the average liquid velocity ;

B is the magnetic field strength ;

D is the length of the conductor ( which in this instance is the distance between the electrodes).

1. The electromagnetic flowmeter has no mechanical inertia and is very sensitive to the reaction. It can measure instantaneous pulsating flow as well as flow in positive and negative directions.
2. Industrial electromagnetic flowmeters have a wide range of diameters, ranging from a few millimeters to a few meters. There is an existing DC calibration device with a diameter of 3 meters. It laid the foundation for the application and development of electromagnetic flowmeter.
3. The sensor of the electromagnetic flowmeter has a simple structure, and there are no moving parts in the measuring tube. There are no throttling components to block fluid flow. Therefore, when the fluid passes through the flow meter, it does not cause any additional pressure loss, and it is one of the flow meters with lower energy consumption among the flow meters.
4. The output of the electromagnetic flowmeter is only proportional to the average flow velocity of the measured medium, and has nothing to do with the laminar or turbulent flow of the flow state under symmetrical distribution. Therefore, the electromagnetic flowmeter has a wide measurement range, and its ranging range can reach 20:1, and some even reach a range ratio of 100:1.
5. Electromagnetic flowmeter is a volume flow measuring instrument. During the measurement process, it is not affected by the temperature, viscosity and density of the measured medium within a certain range. Therefore, the electromagnetic flowmeter can only measure the flow rate of other conductive liquids after being calibrated with water.
6. It can measure dirty medium, corrosive medium and suspended liquid-solid two-phase flow. This is because there is no blocking flow component in the metering tube. Only the measuring tube lining and electrodes are in contact with the fluid to be measured, and materials can be selected according to the properties of the fluid to be measured.

For example, polytrifluoroethylene or polytetrafluoroethylene can be used as a lining to measure aggressive media such as various acids, alkalis and salts. The use of wear-resistant rubber as the lining is especially suitable for measuring the wear of solid particles.

Larger slurries, cement slurries and other liquid-solid two-phase flows and various suspended liquids such as fiber liquids and pulp.

If you cannot find an answer to your question in our Magnetic Flow Meter Troubleshooting, you can always contact us and we will be with you shortly.

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Electromagnetic flowmeters are suitable for measuring the volume flow of conductive liquids in closed pipelines, such as clean water, sewage, various acid-base salt solutions, etc.

The fluid that uses electromagnetic flowmeter to measure flow must be conductive. Therefore, non-conductive gases, steam, oil, acrylic copper and other substances cannot use electromagnetic flowmeter to measure flow.

Magnetic Flow Meter Troubleshooting always appears very headache! The causes of Magnetic Flow Meter Troubleshooting are various. Some are caused by the flowmeter itself, some are man-made, and some are caused by on-site reasons.

If you encounter the above faults in the process of using the electromagnetic flowmeter, you can gradually eliminate and solve them according to the methods given above. If you can’t solve it, it may be because the working conditions on site are too complicated. The electromagnetic field strength is too high. Pay attention to the grounding of the instrument, and you can also contact Sino-Inst to provide technical assistance.

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